1 1 1 1 UNESCO: Venetian Fortifications 53rd Italian site the World Heritage list KRAKOW, JULY 9 

The World Heritage Committee meeting in Krakow since 2 July today inscribed cultural sites in Denmark, France, Germany, Iran, Poland, and the Russian Federation, along with one that spans Croatia, Italy and Montenegro.Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar (covering Croatia, Italy, Montenegro) consists of 15 components of defence works, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast.The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terra protected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called alla moderna, bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.The inscription was announced by UNESCO following the inclusion of Italian forest in the transnational site Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany, which now stretches over 12 countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Ukraine.The two new additions bring to 53 the number of Italian sites inscribed in the World Heritage list: “Italy I a superpower of culture and beauty said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Angelino Alfano after the announcement in Crakow.Included in the “Venetian Fortification” site are monuments in  Bergamo, Peschiera del Garda, Palmanova, Zadar/Zara e Sibenik/Sebenico in Croatia, amnd Kotor/Cattaro in Montenegro. Icomos, the agency who preliminary examines the national proposal, excluded from the site the four fortification of Venice: Forte di Sant’Andrea, the Arsenal and the Octagons in the islands of Poveglia and Alberoni. (@OnuItalia)

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